Jesus learns that Lazarus is sick(1-4)
1 Now a man named Lazarus was sick. He was from Bethany, the village of Mary and her sister Martha. 2 Mary, whose brother Lazarus now lay sick, was the same one who poured perfume on the Lord and wiped his feet with her hair. 3 So the sisters sent word to Jesus, "Lord, the one you love is sick." 4 When he heard this, Jesus said, "This sickness will not end in death. No, it is for God's glory so that God's Son may be glorified through it."
Jesus and the disciples (5-16)
5 Jesus loved Martha and her sister and Lazarus. 6 Yet when he heard that Lazarus was sick, he stayed where he was two more days. 7 Then he said to his disciples, "Let us go back to Judea." 8 "But Rabbi," they said, "a short while ago the Jews tried to stone you, and yet you are going back there?" 9 Jesus answered, "Are there not twelve hours of daylight? A man who walks by day will not stumble, for he sees by this world's light. 10 It is when he walks by night that he stumbles, for he has no light." 11 After he had said this, he went on to tell them, "Our friend Lazarus has fallen asleep; but I am going there to wake him up." 12 His disciples replied, "Lord, if he sleeps, he will get better." 13 Jesus had been speaking of his death, but his disciples thought he meant natural sleep. 14 So then he told them plainly, "Lazarus is dead, 15 and for your sake I am glad I was not there, so that you may believe. But letus go to him." 16 Then Thomas (called Didymus) said to the rest of the disciples, "Let us also go, that we may die with him."
Jesus and Martha (17-27)
17 On his arrival, Jesus found that Lazarus had already been in the tomb for four days. 18 Bethany was less than two miles from Jerusalem, 19 and many Jews had come to Martha and Mary to comfort them in the loss of their brother. 20 When Martha heard that Jesus was coming, she went out to meet him, but Mary stayed at home. 21 "Lord," Martha said to Jesus, "if you had been here, my brother would not have died. 22 But I know that even now God will give you whatever you ask." 23 Jesus said to her, "Your brother will rise again." 24 Martha answered, "I know he will rise again in the resurrection at the last day." 25 Jesus said to her, "I am the resurrection and the life. He who believes in me will live, even though he dies; 26 and whoever lives and believes in me will never die. Do you believe this?" 27 "Yes, Lord," she told him, "I believe that you are the Christ, the Son of God, who was to come into the world."
Jesus and Mary (28-37)
28 And after she had said this, she went back and called her sister Mary aside. "The Teacher is here," she said, "and is asking for you." 29 When Mary heard this, she got up quickly and went to him. 30 Now Jesus had not yet entered the village, but was still at the place where Martha had met him. 31 When the Jews who had been with Mary in the house, comforting her, noticed how quickly she got up and went out, they followed her, supposing she was going to the tomb to mourn there. 32 When Mary reached the place where Jesus was and saw him, she fell at his feet and said, "Lord, if you had been here, my brother would not have died." 33 When Jesus saw her weeping, and the Jews who had come along with her also weeping, he was deeply moved in spirit and troubled. 34 "Where have you laid him?" he asked. "Come and see, Lord," they replied. 35 Jesus wept. 36 Then the Jews said, "See how he loved him!" 37 But some of them said, "Could not he who opened the eyes of the blind man have kept this man from dying?"
Lazarus is raised from the dead (38-46)
38 Jesus, once more deeply moved, came to the tomb. It was a cave with a stone laid across the entrance. 39"Take away the stone," he said. "But, Lord," said Martha, the sister of the dead man, "by this time there is a bad odour, for he has been there four days." 40 Then Jesus said, "Did I not tell you that if you believed, you would see the glory of God?" 41 So they took away the stone. Then Jesus looked up and said, "Father, I thank you that you have heard me. 42 I knew that you always hear me, but I said this for the benefit of the people standing here, that they may believe that you sent me." 43 When he had said this, Jesus called in a loud voice, "Lazarus, come out!" 44 The dead man came out, his hands and feet wrapped with strips of linen, and a cloth around his face. Jesus said to them, "Take off the grave clothes and let him go." 45 Therefore many of the Jews who had come to visit Mary, and had seen what Jesus did, put their faith in him. 46 But some of them went to the Pharisees and told them what Jesus had done.
1. Identify as completely as possible the person in need (e.g., age, ethnic origin, religion, gender, social status).
2. What was the immediate, obvious need?
3. Who took the initiative in effecting the healing?
The person in need? Others? Jesus?
How was it expressed?
4. Describe the actions or process leading to the healing; that is, what was said (e.g., questions, requests, commands) and what was done (e.g., approaching, following, touching, publicly/privately), and by whom?
5. Did the person in need or someone else verbally express faith? Non-verbally? Describe how and by whom faith was involved in this healing.
6. What were the evidences that the person was healed?
7. What were the reactions to the healing?
8. What in this narrative led Jesus to minister healing to the person in need?
Jesus learns that Lazarus is sick
1. Where are Jesus and his disciples as this episode begins (Jn 10:40-42). 9 How far is that from Bethany?
Jesus receives a message. Who sent it? What does it say? How many days old is the message?
2. What does Jesus mean by the statement, "This sickness will not end in death"?
Jesus and the disciples
3. Then, what does Jesus do, or not do? Why?
4. How do the disciples respond to Jesus' proposal, "Let us go back to Judea"? What reasons for not responding do you use under similar circumstances?
5. How, when and where did Jesus learn that Lazarus has died? Why, do you think, Jesus tells the disciples that Lazarus is asleep? To avoid shocking the disciples? What would you say to someone who suggests waking up a sick person who is asleep? 6. Does Thomas' remark, say something about dying? Something about Thomas? Something else? Jesus and Martha
7. What are the two parts of Martha's greeting or prayer?
8. How is Martha's 3-part confession like, or unlike, that of Peter in Matthew 16:16.9 If asked, what would your confession of faith sound like?
9. What do you think is the key verse in this section? Why?
Jesus and Mary
10. How do these two mini-dramas with Mary and Martha inform us about our relating to family and friends of the sick and dying? Is it OK to weep with them? Laugh? Evangelize? (see Eccl. 3:4 & Psalm 30:5) Lazarus is raised from the dead.
11. In this particular healing, Jesus does or says four things: 1) "Take away the stone", 2) "Father, I thank you ..... " 3) "Lazarus, come out" and 4) "Take off the grave clothes.." What might each of these suggest to us as we engage in the ministry of healing?
12. What lesson(s) have you learned about healing from this account?